The transport infrastructure needs assessment (TINA) process aimed at initiating the development of a multimodal transport network within the EU enlargement countries of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria and Cyprus.
The TINA process, i.e. the future extension of the TEN, comprised all candidate countries, and hence also included Cyprus. Since Cyprus was not eligible for financial support in the context of the PHARE programme, a separate agreement had to be negotiated between the Cypriot ministry of transport and the then TINA secretariat, in order to fully integrate Cyprus into the TINA process.
Malta did not participate in the first phase of the TINA process. After Malta became a full-fledged member of the enlargement process of the EU, it seemed necessary to assess Malta's transport infrastructure in accordance with the agreed methodology and to start the TINA process also in Malta.